The beaver can be found all across North America, except for the northernmost regions of Canada and the deserts of the United States and Mexico. Mating occurs in January of February, with 1 to 4 offspring born after 3 months. They can live between 10 and 20 years in the wild, depending on environmental conditions. Beavers are nocturnal and love to eat bark, particularly that of maple, willow, beech, birch, alder, and aspen trees. Plants like flowers and roots are also favorites .
Beaver Damage & Diseases
They can plug drainpipes and ditches, and wash out roads and driveways. Flooding may also lead to inaccessible routes, and later, potholes. This excess water can ruin farmland and wooded areas, killing crops and other plants. Since wood is a favorite, they may cut down trees or shrubs in search of food. Water supplies may be contaminated because of droppings and possible diseases. Beavers can potentially spread rabies and tularemia. Spread through the saliva of an infected animal, rabies causes the brain to swell, along with fever, violent movements, paralysis, confusion, and loss of consciousness as the disease progresses. Tularemia is an infectious disease that causes fever, tiredness, loss of appetite, red skin lesions, and possibly death if left untreated. If you are in contact with a beaver or develop any unusual, flu-like symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.
The beaver can Measure 35 to 46 inches long with waterproof red-brown or black-brown hair. They have large, orange teeth that are used for cutting wood, as well as wide, flat tails.
Beavers In The Yard & The Garden
These maple-munching rodents love any environment where water is present. Ponds, lakes, marshes, rivers, and streams are their preferred places to build dams. Because they like deep water, these dams also help them create deeper ponds in the surrounding area. If you’ve got streams or ponds near your home, you may notice that they may be flooding. Dome-shaped dams and lodges held together with mud and chewed branches and trees, piles of wood chips, fallen trees, and stumps near water are all telltale signs you have beavers. Beavers make slapping noise from their tails, whining, squealing and moaning. However, you’ll have to listen carefully to hear these. You won’t see tracks often, but when you do, they are the size of a human hand and will have webbed toes. Droppings will be dusty and the size of ping- pong balls. They are commonly found at the bottom of dams. Large piles of mud will smell of castor near where they make their home.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do I keep beavers away?
As creatures that can drastically alter an environment, beaver control can get complex, and may even cause more harm than good. Consulting with pest professionals can help you determine what actions to take so that the outcome is positive. If you’re trying to protect your crops, wrap hardware cloth around trees, shrubs,and other tall plants. Fencing may be an option as well. If water levels are of concern, installing water level control devices (WLCDs) may help with flooding. Professionals will be able to direct you as far as they type of devices to purchase and where to place them. Trapping and removing them can also be effective, but it is a difficult process that requires a lot of attention to detail. Make sure you’ve familiarized yourself with the trapping process you’ve decided to use before jumping right in.
Benefits of Professional Beaver Pest Control
A pest management professional has the education, equipment and skills necessary to effectively address a beaver problem. Finding and treating the beavers can be challenging, especially if they are loose in your yard. A pest management professional provides their expertise to identify the pest problem and determine the best possible solution to resolve the beaver nuisance.