The fox can be found throughout the northern hemisphere down from the Arctic region into Central America, Asia, and northern Africa. Several varieties of fox exist, but the red and gray foxes are the two most commonly seen. Mating season depends on the region, but it generally goes from December until January in southern regions, January to February in central regions, and February to April in northern regions. In the wild, they can live up to 12 years, but live 3 years on average. They aren’t picky eaters and their diet consists of rodents, rabbits, insects, and fruit. They will scan their feeding grounds for their prey and then pounce, pinning it to the ground to eat it.
Fox Nuisances & Damage
Sometimes, they are just plain scary. However, they cause more damage beyond just rattling your nerves. If you live on a farm, it’s not uncommon for them to get into poultry yards when they’re looking for food. They may also carry off piglets, lambs, and small household pets. When it’s mating season, they may den under porches or decks, possibly becoming annoying with their noises. Foxes may also carry rabies and distemper. It’s also possible for red foxes to get mange, but not gray. Mange attacks and deteriorates the coats of animals.. If you’re attacked by a fox (meaning it’s usually rabid), you might contract rabies. This disease causes severe damage to the central nervous system and is characterized by sudden flu-like symptoms. Distemper will affect the lymphatic, respiratory, and nervous systems of infected animals who may become tired, feverish, dehydrated, or lose weight. These diseases can sometimes be fatal, so seek immediate medical attention if you or your pet develops abnormal symptoms. You might hear the sounds of screaming, yapping, growling, or even barking. Fox droppings are often twisted and will contain hair or berries. You’ll see them deposited on rocks and logs. When foxes mark their territories, they leave a distinct odor. Red foxes are skunky, whereas gray foxes are more musky.
The Red Fox measures between 17 and 35 inches long. The Gray Fox is slightly smaller. They can range in color from pale yellow to reddish brown, as well as gray or ashy white. Tails will have a black or white tip. Adults have yellowish eyes. Their jaws are strong, and are particularly useful for grabbing, chewing, and crushing.
Foxes In The Yard & The Garden
It’s not uncommon to see them darting around farms and suburban areas. If your home is located in a wooded area, near open fields, or meadows, they will probably be around. While red foxes prefer these habitats, gray foxes are more partial to heavily forested and brushy areas. Red foxes will either dig their own dens or use abandoned burrows. Gray foxes tend to den in wood and brush, or hollow trees. Dens are often reused year after year.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do I keep foxes away?
Ordinarily, they will leave your yard of their own accord, as they only den for short periods of time. However, if they are causing damage, you probably don’t want them around. Scaring them away will often be effective. Make noises near their dens, shout, and increase activity around them. Slingshots or buckshots can scare them off (no need to hit them, though). Noisemakers may also help. Getting rid of their food sources, like garbage, compost heaps, and outdoor pet food will stop them from coming around. It’s also helpful to install fences around areas you want to keep them away from, just make sure to properly maintain them.
Benefits of Professional Fox Pest Control
A pest management professional has the education, equipment and skills necessary to effectively address a fox problem. Finding and treating the foxes can be challenging, especially if they are loose in your yard. A pest management professional provides their expertise to identify the pest problem and determine the best possible solution to resolve the fox nuisance.